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    Additional Ketuboth added
    December 2016 - ZJC has gratefully received from Colin Gordon some missing Ketuboth from the period 1956-1959 which have now been added to the website. . Learn More...

    Audio Visual biographies
    December 2016 - ZJC is pleased to publish a number of audio visual biographies of former members of the community.. Learn More...

    Bulawayo Hebrew Congregation committees
    July 6, 2016 - We have added two comprehensive documents prepared by David Gelfand and listing a) the numerous committees of the Bulawayo Hebrew Congregation going back to 1923. b) a list of all the Presidents of the Bulawayo Hebrew Congregation going back to 1894.. Learn More...

    Bulawayo Hebrew Congregation - full copy
    June 2016 - Pleased to advise that Paul Bernstein has scanned the full Bulawayo Hebrew Congregation Centenary magazine published in 1994. It is now available on the ZJC website. Many many thanks to Paul for all his efforts and contribution in digitizing this material and preserving it for us all. There is a summary of the contents of each section. See the material here.. Learn More...

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    April 2016 - David Gelfand has updated an extensive document on the history of the Jewish Communities of Harare (Salisbury) with details of Rabbis and committee members over the years. Now includes pictures of Shul Presidents and a section on the Union of Jewish Women.. Learn More...

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    Family Biographies

    CHILDHOOD REMINISCENCES OF AN EARLY SETTLERíS DAUGHTER

    BY ESME NEWFIELD

    My father, Joseph Schattil arrived, in this country in late 1897 having come from Ritavas, near Plunyan, in Lithuania. Arriving in Cape Town he then took the train to the railhead, at Mafeking, completing the journey to Bulawayo by Cape Cart. Like so many of the early settlers, he engaged in the Native trade as it was then called.
    Weekends when possible were spent in Bulawayo, and he was one of the first members of the Chovevi Zion Society. One weekend, he very nearly lost his life when riding into Bulawayo, when during a fierce thunderstorm his horse was struck by lightning.


    He was thrown onto a rocky outcrop, but came to and managed to walk into town although very badly battered and bruised.

    My mother, Dina Masinter, came to Salisbury in 1906 from Tavrig, or Tauroggen as it was also called. She came via the East Coast route, disembarking at Beira. There were no docks there at the time and passengers.had to be carried ashore. She came out to stay with her sister, Mrs. RayI Isaacson, who lived in a house on Belvedere Boad near the Kopje. My parents met in Salisbury, and in September 1907
    they were married at the home of a Mr and Mrs Bernstein.

    My mother's first home was at the Jumbo Mine, one of many mines they moved to. These Included, the Miffel Blue, Lonely, Queens and the Alaska Copper mine, but from 1929 onwards they remained remained in the QueQue district.

    There was no shul in QueQue in the pre-war (1939) days, and Yom Tov services were Held in W.I Hall.

     

    My father in his day was a storekeeper, butcher and baker and I remember as a small child traveling With him out on the Gokwe Road to Zhombe and Jombe, buying cattle for his butchery. I remember Chief Kassela

    a most hospitable man. Meat in those days used to sell for 3d a pound and a big ox cost about Stg 2.10.0. 

    Roads were dirt. Tracks in some parts and it wasnít until the strip roads were built in about 1937 than any decent road really existed in the country districts. I remember by father directing the cutting of a road through the bush from the Blue Mine to the Gothic Mine in Lower Gwelo.

     

    For relaxaction there was always a game of "Solo" on Sundays in Que Quem, played at the homes of the friends like the Slomans, Ricks and Kahns. There were also two film shows a week, on Wednesday and Saturday nights, shown at the G and P Hall. The Que Que Hotel also used to show films but if my very early memory serves me correctly the film hall was burn down in the early 1930s and the present Modern part of the Hotel now stands in its place. Mrs and Mrs Aronowitz ran the Hotel.

     

    My father had one great love Ė prospecting and the rest of the family were also keen to tramp in the "bush on a Sunday morning , armed with, a prospector;s hammer, sample bag, and a shotgun, just in case. I never saw any predators on foot safari, but I remember the time when, trayelling to a in a vanette, we came across a pride of lions at the Giraffe Spruit. Our African servant, sitting in the back of the open, vanette was terrified,,  and, who could blame him.  My father was a conservationist of wild life, and never shot a "buck or other wild game,, ;.:Game was plentiful in those days, especially in the vicinity of pans -in the rainy season.  Talking of-rainy seasons, reminds me of 1939 when the rains just went on arid on. A corduroy of thick sticks had to be laid. across the dirt roads so that cars could get through otherwise your car was .likely to sink to its axles in mud.

     

    Life out in the country was hard indeed for. Women. There was no running water or    
    electric light, and it was only in 1935 that we bought a paraffin refridgerator, and
    what a luxury that was. Wood stoves were the vogue,, and these were housed, in  hot
    kitchens with corrugated iron roofs, on account of" the fire hazard.  Most kitchens
    were separate from the main dwelling for this very reason. At night paraffin lamps
    and candles lighted the house. Water had to be carted in the Main as the water
    collected from roofs into large water tanks during the rainy weather was not of itself
    sufficient.  Bath water was either heated on the.kitchen stove or an outside fire,
    and had to be carted into the bathroom in buckets as was the cold water. Laundry was done down at the river if.there, was one in walking distance.  Houses were mostly built of pole and dag'ga, with, a thatched roof and they were wonderfully cool in summer
    .

     

    Other houses were built with a timber frame and were Australian style, on stilts. The inner shell of the house was panelled with wood and the outer shell was made of corrugated iron. It was cool under the floor of these houses and with no fridges at that time many items were stored under the house. Being in stilts it was also easy to monitor the presence of white ants under the house. Loos were built a goodly distance from the houses and a journey there by torchlight was often a nightmare with snakes, large hair spiders snad bats encountered on the way. On occasions the cough of a leopard could be heard or the bark of a jackal.

    Picnics were a favourite form of spending a Sunday in the country especially to the Sebakwe Poort. How we ever escaped getting bilharzia remains a mystery but perhaps it was not so prevalent then as most rivers seemed to run all year dound. We used to go out there on the back of Slomanís lorry all the young Jewish boys and girls in the town plus several older people who were also keen on picnics. There was the Mintz family, the Benatars, Menashes, Baldachins, Kahns and Middledorfs.

    A big even every Sunday was for practically the whole population to go down to the railway station to see the Bulawayo to Salisbury mixed train pass through.  One heard all the news this way, and it was seldom that someone didnít know at least one of the passengers who were passing through.

    Today the Jewish Community of Kwe Kwe has all but disappeared. The old timers have all passed on and of those of my generation who grew up in this small Rhodesian town very few remain in the country.

    Of my family both my parents have passed on and are buried in the Bulawayo cemetery. My older bother Ralph is still in Kwe Kwe, my other brother Alex joined the Civil Service when he left school in 1928 and rose to become the Commissioner of Taxes. He and other sister Ida died in 1968. My husband and I are still farming in the Enterprise district just outside Harare. Of the four generations who once lived in the two Rhodesias only Ralph and I remain.

    Hope this is of some interest.

    Esme Newfield.

    Click on pictures below to enlarge

    Dinner/dance at the Sephardi Hall 1949 - Charlotte and Abe Shulman, unknowns, Hancy and Bennie Goldin, Esme and Stooky Newfield.

    Esme Newfield - taken on one of the Rhodesian mining towns were they lived -circa 1927/1928

    Photo are of Esme Newfield and her mother (Dina Schattil) taken on one of the mining towns were they lived -circa 1927/1928

    Newfield wedding, Salisburg St Synagogue March 28, 1948 - on the sides are Les Lessem, the little girl is Moria Susman, behind her is Harry Susman

    Picture on left Wedding entourage shows a few Zimbabweans - : Front row ; Alex Schattil, Rhona Hirshowitz, Michael Hirshowitz, Shalamit Herschowitz, Ralph Schattil. Middle row seated : Ida Samson, Dina Schattil, Bernice Price, Les Price, Annie Susman, Pearlie Abrahams, Jacob Schattil Back Row: Ronnie Samson, Jack Price, Phil Newfield, unknown, Maurice Newfield, Harry Susman, Oscar Susman, Joe Schattile, Annie Hirschowitz.

     

     


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